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  • Exam Success, Marina Baeva (Moscow)

    The way to real success.

    Достоинства:

    A book “Exam Success” is a real addition to every student’s book of any publishers if you desire to pass the exam in English successfully. In this book there are various exercises which are developing different skills in Listening, Reading, Grammar and Vocabulary, Writing and Speaking. Listening has three parts: Matching, Choosing between three-option answers: TRUE, FALSE, NOT STATED, Choosing one of the three options in multiple choice questions. Reading also has three parts: Matching, Inserting clauses into gaps in a text, Multiple choice questions about a text. Grammar and Vocabulary has three parts, too: Correcting forms grammatically, World building, Multiple-choice cloze. Writing has two parts: Informal letter and Opinion essay. Speaking has three units covering useful skills for RSE Speaking: Monologue and Dialogue. Each unit is divided into two sections which teach general skills and apply these skills to the RSE format. Each chapter ends with suggested approach which is useful to build a strategy in preparing for RSE. Exercises are very interesting for teenagers, because they are close to their lives. They are also interesting for teachers, because they are clear to explain, practice and focus students. In this book mechanisms of modern teaching work completely.

    Недостатки:

    No shortcomings

  • Очень хорошее пособие

    Для страноведения на начальном этапе обучения - незаменимая книга.

    Достоинства:

    Достоинство этой книги в том, что Macmillan разработал учебное пособие, которое можно использовать не только при уровне Intermediate и выше (как многие другие пособия), но и на этапе обучения, когда уже знаешь не мало, но еще и не много, а именно Pre-Intermediate. Есть возможность познакомить как детей, так и взрослых с историей, обычаями и традициями страны, язык которой они изучают. Книга оформлена очень красочно внутри, что позволяет не только читать, но и отвлечься на пару минут и уделить внимание иллюстрациям. Интересные факты выделены отдельным цветом, что тоже очень здорово и познавательно! Но, и конечно, упражнения в конце книги позволяют собрать воедино всю полученную информацию и посмотреть в каком направлении стоит поработать.

    Недостатки:

    Единственный недостаток, который отмечен, это история Англии. Не смотря на то, что она написана вкратце, все равно получается объемно и для некоторых читателей немного скучно.

  • Отличный подарок

    Отличный подарок как для деток небольшого возраста, так и для взрослых людей, начинающих погружаться в увлекательный мир английского языка.

    Достоинства:

    Красочный, ярко проиллюстрированный словарь даёт возможность наглядно выучить слова по популярным темам. Интерактивный диск, который дополняет данную книгу, в игровой форме поможет быстро и интересно выучить лексику. Английский в удовольствие - вот главное достоинство пособия! Ребята с интересом работают на уроке. Всегда ждут новой темы для пополнения своего словарного запаса новыми словами.

    Недостатки:

    недостатков нет.



Word Stories: be
10:00 22/02/2011

Word stories: be

Steve Taylore-Knowles looks at the stories behind the English language.

Often, the longer and more unusual a word, the easier it is to trace its development. It can be broken down into constituent parts, simpler roots that can then be followed back. But what about common words that form the fundamental bedrock of English?

Be is, as you might expect, a highly unusual verb. In fact, it's not really one verb at all. The modern English paradigm of be is the result of complex interactions between the forms of three different verbs which, in Indo-European, the ancestor of the family of languages to which English belongs, had the stems es-, wes- (remain, continue to be) and beu- (become). From the first we get the modern forms is, am and are, from the second was and were and from the third be and been, although exactly how that happened is a very complicated process. (For the sake of simplicity, I've omitted some alternative forms from what follows.)

The original stems worked in various ways in Sanskrit, Greek, Latin and the Germanic languages until we get to the time of Old English (up to around the middle of the 12th century AD). What were two different verbs in Gothic (am and was) have by now become one verb, am-was, the present tense expressed by the forms of am and the past by the forms of was. Be is still a separate verb and since it means 'become', it often works as the future of am-was.

The first half of the 13th century sees two major changes. In Old English, am had two plural present forms: sind(on) and aron. In southern England, sind(on) died out and was replaced by the forms of be, which then also tended to replace the singular forms. Even today in southern dialect speech you might hear forms such as 'he be' or 'they be'. Aron survived in the north and gradually spread south until (in the form are) it became standard at the start of the 16th century.

The other change to take place was that the infinitive, participle, imperative and present subjunctive forms of am-was became obsolete and were replaced by forms of be, giving us the verb in a more or less recognisable form. In Middle English, the standard past participle until into the 15th century was be until the northern form ben(e) became generally accepted.

Biographical Information:

Steve-Taylore-Knowles-2.jpgSteve Taylore-Knowles has spent almost two decades in ELT as a writer, a trainer, an examiner and a teacher. He holds undergraduate and postgraduate degrees from the University of Warwick, and is a Licentiate of Trinity College, London.

He has written a number of internationally-successful courses, including the five-level Laser series for teenagers and Macmillian Exam Skill for Russia series.


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Steve Taylore-Knowles looks at the stories behind the English language.