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  • Exam Success, Marina Baeva (Moscow)

    The way to real success.

    Достоинства:

    A book “Exam Success” is a real addition to every student’s book of any publishers if you desire to pass the exam in English successfully. In this book there are various exercises which are developing different skills in Listening, Reading, Grammar and Vocabulary, Writing and Speaking. Listening has three parts: Matching, Choosing between three-option answers: TRUE, FALSE, NOT STATED, Choosing one of the three options in multiple choice questions. Reading also has three parts: Matching, Inserting clauses into gaps in a text, Multiple choice questions about a text. Grammar and Vocabulary has three parts, too: Correcting forms grammatically, World building, Multiple-choice cloze. Writing has two parts: Informal letter and Opinion essay. Speaking has three units covering useful skills for RSE Speaking: Monologue and Dialogue. Each unit is divided into two sections which teach general skills and apply these skills to the RSE format. Each chapter ends with suggested approach which is useful to build a strategy in preparing for RSE. Exercises are very interesting for teenagers, because they are close to their lives. They are also interesting for teachers, because they are clear to explain, practice and focus students. In this book mechanisms of modern teaching work completely.

    Недостатки:

    No shortcomings

  • Очень хорошее пособие

    Для страноведения на начальном этапе обучения - незаменимая книга.

    Достоинства:

    Достоинство этой книги в том, что Macmillan разработал учебное пособие, которое можно использовать не только при уровне Intermediate и выше (как многие другие пособия), но и на этапе обучения, когда уже знаешь не мало, но еще и не много, а именно Pre-Intermediate. Есть возможность познакомить как детей, так и взрослых с историей, обычаями и традициями страны, язык которой они изучают. Книга оформлена очень красочно внутри, что позволяет не только читать, но и отвлечься на пару минут и уделить внимание иллюстрациям. Интересные факты выделены отдельным цветом, что тоже очень здорово и познавательно! Но, и конечно, упражнения в конце книги позволяют собрать воедино всю полученную информацию и посмотреть в каком направлении стоит поработать.

    Недостатки:

    Единственный недостаток, который отмечен, это история Англии. Не смотря на то, что она написана вкратце, все равно получается объемно и для некоторых читателей немного скучно.

  • Отличный подарок

    Отличный подарок как для деток небольшого возраста, так и для взрослых людей, начинающих погружаться в увлекательный мир английского языка.

    Достоинства:

    Красочный, ярко проиллюстрированный словарь даёт возможность наглядно выучить слова по популярным темам. Интерактивный диск, который дополняет данную книгу, в игровой форме поможет быстро и интересно выучить лексику. Английский в удовольствие - вот главное достоинство пособия! Ребята с интересом работают на уроке. Всегда ждут новой темы для пополнения своего словарного запаса новыми словами.

    Недостатки:

    недостатков нет.



Word Stories: whom
13/01/2012

Word Stories: whom
Steve Taylore-Knowles looks at the stories behind the English language.

'[T]he who/whom distinction is going the way of the phonograph record.'
Steven Pinker, The Language Instinct

Of course, it is not only the lexis of a language that changes over time. Grammar and lexico-grammar also change. Charles Dickens happily used structures such as despite of, and forms such as thee and thou survive, if at all, only in the dialects of elderly inhabitants of the north of England. If we want to identify the points at  which English is changing, a good place to start might be those aspects of the language where even native speakers have to stop and think when they want to use them 'correctly'. As Steven Pinker says, one of those points is the relative pronoun, whom.

Traditionally, the explanation of the distinction between who and whom has been as follows: who is used to refer to the subject of a relative clause, while whom refers to the object of a relative clause. Problems arise because some speakers use who in object position in natural, colloquial speech and then get confused when they feel they have to do something different in a formal or written context. This fear of making mistakes in other people's eyes sometimes leads to ridiculous over-correction where whom is used in subject position. So what do people normally do when confronted with this choice, when a 'mistake' might mark them as uneducated or careless? Corpus research shows that they solve the problem in quite an ingenious way: they avoid using a relative pronoun at all.

According to the corpus-based Longman Grammar of Spoken and Written English (Pearson, 1999), people use whom or that in object position around 5-10% of the time each. The rest of the time, 80-90%, and across different registers, people use the 'zero relativizer', i.e. nothing:

He's one of the most intelligent people I've ever met.

Does that mean, then, that whom will be obsolete in a few decades’ time? Well, probably not. There are still places where it's the only alternative: after prepositions, and in certain non-defining relative clauses. Most of these kinds of sentence can be recast to avoid the very formal sound of whom, but for a long time there will probably be people for whom the ability to use whom correctly is an important signal of social and educational status and that will tend to keep it alive.


Biographical Information:

Steve-Taylore-Knowles-2.jpgSteve Taylore-Knowles has spent almost two decades in ELT as a writer, a trainer, an examiner and a teacher. He holds undergraduate and postgraduate degrees from the University of Warwick, and is a Licentiate of Trinity College, London.

He has written a number of internationally-successful courses, including the five-level Laser series for teenagers and Macmillian Exam Skill for Russia series.



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Steve Taylore-Knowles looks at the stories behind the English language.